Illegal wood in PNSD and Yavarí Tapiche

U.S. Policy Solutions

To be a true leader in global efforts to eliminate HFCs, the United States must implement ambitious and comprehensive policies to transition cooling technologies and control refrigerant emissions from cradle to grave. 

EIA works at the national, state and local levels to develop and advocate for innovative policy solutions, and ensure effective implementation and enforcement. This includes engaging federal policymakers to implement the American Innovation and Manufacturing (AIM) Act of 2020 and other regulatory mechanisms under the Clean Air Act. We also work at the state and local level to raise the bar for federal action by engaging with leading states in  the U.S. Climate Alliance, including California, Washington, and New York.

Policy solutions to eliminate HFC emissions must focus on these key areas: 

  • Reduce new HFC production and consumption 
  • Transition cooling and heat pump technologies to alternatives 
  • Prevent, detect, and repair leaks 
  • Maximize refrigerant recovery, reuse, and proper disposal 
  • Ensure a just transition and protect marginalized communities from potential health impacts in the production and use of HFCs and alternatives 

Related Resources


Modernized Safety Standard: A Crucial Milestone for Clean Cooling

Continued use of refrigerants containing hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), super greenhouse gases thousands of times more potent than CO2, is fueling the climate crisis. With the global stock of household air conditioners expected to triple by 2050, it is critical for this sector to be HFC-free and energy efficient. A crucial milestone was reached this week for […]

Press Release

U.S. Signals It Means Business in Preventing HFC Black Market

Initial Enforcement Actions Announced by Interagency Task Force on Illegal HFC Trade Washington DC—Today the U.S. EPA announced a series of initial enforcement actions taken in the first several months of implementing the phasedown of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) under the American Innovation and Manufacturing (AIM) Act. An Interagency Task Force on Illegal HFC Trade was established in […]

Press Release

EPA Grants Petitions to Transition Technologies Away from HFCs

Washington DC – Today the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) responded to a series of petitions requesting certain sectors be required to transition away from using most hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) in newly manufactured products. EPA granted or partially granted multiple petitions, including the petition submitted by EIA that calls on EPA to replicate HFC regulations recently finalized […]

Press Release

Landmark EPA Climate Rulemaking Takes Aim at U.S. Phasedown of Super-Pollutant HFCs

*Washington, DC — *The Environmental Protection Agency has published a landmark new climate regulation to establish an allocation system to cap and begin phasing down hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), the super pollutant greenhouse gases used mainly in cooling. The White House also announced a series of actions coordinating across six federal agencies to accompany the rule, including creating an interagency […]


EPA Must Stop a New Black Market in Super Greenhouse Gases

By Cynthia Giles and Alexander von Bismarck Against the backdrop of the booming and prosperous drug trade of the 1990s, a lesser known but also lethal black market was emerging from an unfamiliar source – gases that caused the hole in the ozone layer. At the same time ozone-destroying chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) were being phased out […]

 Illegal wood in PNSD and Yavarí Tapiche
Press Release

U.S. EPA Proposes Landmark Climate Rule to Initiate HFC Phase-down

Washington DC – Today the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released a proposed rulemaking to establish an allocation system for the phasedown of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). The proposed rule is the first step to implement the American Innovation and Manufacturing Act (AIM Act), the new climate law that sets the U.S. on course for compliance with the […]