EIA’s wildlife campaign delivers lasting protections for some of the world’s most iconic species threatened by illegal trade and habitat degradation. Since its inception in 1984, EIA has been dedicated to protecting our world’s wildlife, relying on the best available scientific and trade data and intelligence from investigations, to support policies and actions that protect threatened and endangered species. EIA’s work focuses on stopping the illegal and unsustainable killing of, and trade in, threatened and endangered species like elephants and rhinos, and protecting the Arctic home of belugas and other whales and the forest habitats of great apes like orangutans.

Wildlife Campaign Goals

  • Restore healthy populations of elephants, rhinos, orangutans, and beluga whales across their natural ranges.
  • Cease the illegal and unsustainable killing of threatened and endangered species and unsustainable commercial trade in their parts. 
  • Prevent and reverse habitat degradation to support the restoration of vibrant ecosystems for threatened species.

Wildlife Campaign Impacts

  • EIA’s groundbreaking investigation into the illegal ivory trade tracing ivory from Africa through the Middle East to Asian markets provided key evidence that helped secure the 1989 ban on international ivory trade.
  • Since 2006, EIA has persuaded 3,500 Japanese supermarkets, as well as e-commerce sellers Amazon and Google’s Japanese shopping sites, to cease the sale of whale and dolphin products, eliminating more than $60million of ivory products from the Japanese market.
  • After years of campaign work, large and influential retailers Rakuten Ichiba and Yahoo! Japan ceased selling elephant ivory on their platforms, in 2017 and 2019 respectively, eliminating mass quantities of product from the Japanese market.
  • EIA’s release of the “Pebble Tapes” had a game-changing impact on the likelihood of success of the proposed Pebble Mine project, a highly controversial proposed massive copper mine in the headwaters of Bristol Bay, Alaska. Ultimately the project permit was rejected.

Related Resources

Press Release

Japan Prime Minister Urged to Commit to Japan’s Ivory Market Closure

Washington, DC and Tokyo, Japan – Before the 19th meeting of the Parties to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Nov 14-25, non-government organizations are appealing to Japan’s Prime Minister Fumio Kishida for Japan’s commitment to closing its ivory market to protect elephants from the threat of […]


Rhinoceros Poaching in Botswana

In 2017, rhino poaching started to increase in Botswana as poachers began killing rhinos in the vast Okavango Delta region in the northwest of the country. EIA’s situational analysis highlights some of the key issues facing Botswana’s conservation sector and contains EIA’s recommendations for actions to be taken by Botswana and CITES CoP19. Read the […]


Two Sides of the Same Coin: Tackling transnational wildlife trafficking between West and Central Africa and South-East Asia

West and Central Africa continues to raise concerns among Parties to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) as a significant hub for global wildlife trafficking. This briefing highlights the parallel responsibilities and shortcomings of both West and Central Africa and South-East Asia in implementing their commitments under […]


Letter: NGOs Appeal to Japan’s Prime Minister for Ivory Market Closure

EIA and nine other organizations appealed to Japan’s Prime Minister Kishida to commit to the closure of Japan’s domestic ivory market to send a signal to the global community that Japan is ready to join other countries and take a significant step to protect Africa’s elephants from being killed for their ivory. This appeal comes ahead […]


A Decade of National Ivory Action Plans – Where do we go from here? CoP19

It’s called the National Ivory Action Plan (NIAP) and was designed to improve elephants chances of survival from illegal killing. Parties to CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) are identified for inclusion in the NIAP if they have worrying levels of poaching and/or illegal ivory trade and are required […]