Resources

Report

Ripe for Abuse: Japan’s Ivory Market

Briefing Document for Delegates to CITES CoP19 Domestic ivory markets are on the agenda at CITES CoP19, and EIA has released a short briefing focused on Japan’s domestic market, the most significant open market today. Japan must recognize that any open ivory market contributes to illegal trade and poaching and must do its part to […]

Report

Chemical Nightmare – Ending emissions of fluorochemical greenhouse gases

In 2018, scientists revealed alarming, unexpected emissions of CFC-11, a potent ozone-depleting substance (ODS) which had been banned for nearly a decade. EIA investigations traced the source of CFC-11 to illegal production and use in the polyurethane foam sector in China, which had gone undetected for years by the Montreal Protocol’s existing monitoring and compliance […]

Report

Preventing Illegal Trade of HFCs: AIM Act Fact Sheet

This fact sheet examines the unique compliance and enforcement features of the 2021 allowance system developed to implement the Kigali Amendment in the United States. This serves as just one example for countries to consider as they improve and modernize previous domestic licensing and allowance systems designed for ODS, to ensure the successful phase down […]

Report

LRM: The 90 Billion Ton Opportunity

The 90 Billion Ton Opportunity: Lifecycle Refrigerant Management lays out tangible interventions for federal and state policymakers, major corporations, and equipment owners and operators to minimize refrigerant leaks and maximize end-of-life recovery and reclamation. Embracing Lifecycle Refrigerant Management globally can prevent fluorocarbon emissions equal to 90 billion metric tons of CO2 this century—nearly three full years […]

Report

Fact Sheet: California’s New Climate Legislation Tackling HFCs (S.B.1206)

EIA’s Fact Sheet on groundbreaking new climate legislation passed in California to tackle super-pollutant hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). S.B. 1206 sets California on a path to transition out of most HFCs by 2035 to ultra-low or no global warming  potential  (GWP) alternatives and reclaimed refrigerants. EIA’s press release is also available here

Report

How Russian Conflict Birch Makes its Way to American Consumers

American consumers love Russian birch. Claimed to be durable, strong, and visually appealing, Russian birch is “the wood of choice for many carpenters, furniture makers, and manufacturers” in the United States. Hundreds of thousands of cubic meters of birch plywood are imported from Russia each year, some manufactured into products and the rest sold directly […]