Crime and Crime Again

The long-standing illegal trade in substances controlled under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer

EIA has been investigating and documenting the illegal trade in ozone-depleting substances (ODS) since the mid-1990s, providing unprecedented insights into the dynamics of this multi-million dollar environmental crime, including the shifting smuggling routes and methods used to evade detection.

This briefing describes the long history of illegal ODS trade and, more, recently hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). It examines efforts by the Parties to the Montreal Protocol to combat such trade, with consideration of potential next steps to meet the continued and growing challenge of ODS and HFC climate crime.

Read the briefing.